BMJ, 336, 191-194. doi:10.1136/bmj.39392.473727.AD, Morse, S. S. (1995) Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. View Record in Scopus Google Scholar. Given the scope of this problem, it is important to see HT as a global public health problem in need of focused identification and responsive interventions (Isaac, Solak, & Giardino, 2011). Grace, A. M., Lippert, S., Collins, K., Pineda, N., Tolani, A., Walker, R., ... Horwitz, S. M. (2014). This site uses cookies. Many defined roles and responsibilities for public health nurses also apply to nurses in other specialties and settings. 1, Manuscript 2. Leaders must take responsibility to filter knowledge of GHIs downward and upward within organizations. As of July 2015, the world population of 7.3 billion was projected to reach 8.5 billion by 2030 and 9.7 billion by 2050 (United Nations, 2015). Retrieved from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/717805, Association of Public Health Nurses. “Emergency Preparedness” section includes resources on bioterrorism and a number of resources related to preparedness and response to pandemics (influenza and others). This includes active use of knowledge and methods that include norm critical approaches to counteract inequalities and social injustice. Swenurse. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270752402. Innovation Works. Retrieved from https://ubcmj.com/past-issues/ubcmj-volume-6-issue-2/ubcmj_6_2_2015_28/. (2016). recentincidents/. In general, social justice is the view that everyone deserves equal economic, political, and social rights and opportunities. Sharing links are not available for this article. Clawson, H., Small, E., & Myles, B. Maternal mortality in the United States: A human rights failure [Editorial]. Published bimonthly by Wiley, JNS contains peer-reviewed, thought-provoking articles representing research by some of the world’s leading nurse researchers. Nurses can take a more active role in HT awareness by focusing on the training and education of other healthcare professionals within the hospital and the community. Studies show that the United States is one of the primary destinations for foreign trafficked victims, mainly because of the high profits available to traffickers. Retrieved from http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/1/1/95-0102, Morse, A.R. Creating a strong united voice and developing global level leadership skills will ensure that nurses’ voices are heard in strategies to lead initiatives for improved health. With global evidence showing ever-changing and complex health trends, nursing competencies to appropriately address emerging issues come under scrutiny. Washington DC: OMB Watch. Cindy McCain serves as co-chair of the Arizona Governor's Council on human trafficking and on the McCain Institute’s Human Trafficking Advisory Council. Established SANE programs provide the best venue for SANE nurses to gain the trust of victims, thus increasing the chance of rescue from their traffickers. Although difficult to quantify because of its clandestine nature, 12.3 million people in the world are estimated to be living as human trafficking victims at any given time (Isaac et al., 2011). Joint Learning Initiative. We would like to share the stipulated definition that guides our subject profile area: global nursing. An estimated 800,000 people are trafficked across international borders every year. al., 2013), it was proposed that local health systems take an expanded anti-trafficking role, in addition to providing illness-related, episodic care for trafficking victims. A., Lassi, Z. S., Blanc, A., & Donnay, F. (2010). Journal of Emergency Nursing, 39(3), 280-288. The role of the nurse leader is key to help an organization prepare for and lead change. (2004) Human resources for health: Overcoming the crisis. This situation often results in more expensive care and poorer clinical outcomes. Additionally, nurses’ have valuable expertise, competencies, and grassroots perspectives to impact the prevention, spread, and management of infectious disease outbreaks. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. Please see the Aims and Scope tab for further information. Sylvia Trent-Adams is the Rear Admiral, Deputy Surgeon General of the U.S. Public Health Service and a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing. Human trafficking is defined as all acts involved in recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled service or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion (DeBaca & Sigmon, 2014). What makes this issue more pressing and a worldwide focus is that these are preventable deaths. An advocate is defined as one that pleads, defends, or supports a cause or interest of another (Tomajin, 2012). Emergency Preparedness and Response –Recent Outbreaks and Incidents, current outbreak list and resources, and additional content about specific disease outbreaks. This study highlighted the unmet need and significant opportunity for local health systems to assume a more active role in anti-trafficking work. The evidence based movement over a decade ago created a culture for questioning and guiding the content of interventions. Perhaps these essential competencies should be considered as an exemplar to other economically advantaged countries. Ultimately, knowledge in global nursing aims at alleviating suffering, safeguarding human dignity and contributing to health for present and future generations. The cost of doing business in nursing education. Retrieved from https://www.cna-aiic.ca/~/media/cna/page-content/pdf-en/nursing-leadership_position-statement.pdf?la=en, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The factors above contribute to emerging GHIs at the infrastructure level in the form of resource allocation and relative distribution to burden areas. Washington D.C.: The National Academies Press, Clement-O’Brien, K., Polit, D. F., & Fitzpatrick, J. J. A new global report on trafficking released in 2014 noted that the two most common forms of trafficking are sexual exploitation (53%) and forced labor (40%) (Neupane & Kallestrup, 2014). The number of healthcare workers is only one of many factors impacting access to care on a global scale. Refugees are in need of quality nursing care that is provided by professional and knowledgeable registered nurses. The Journal of Advanced Nursing (JAN)contributes to the advancement of evidence-based nursing, midwifery and healthcare by disseminating high quality research and scholarship of contemporary relevance and with potential to advance knowledge for practice, education, management or policy. One goal associated with improving antenatal care is to emphasize the importance of other healthcare needs, such as tetanus immunization, family planning, and prevention and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Research & Reviews: Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences - - Journal of Medical Research & Health Education - - Global Journal of Nursing & Forensic Studies - - International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health - Citations Report: Health Systems and Policy Research - … By developing and promoting the relevant knowledge and skills in global nursing, we believe that future nurses will be prepared to accommodate tomorrow’s nursing care needs. Maternal-newborn health issues require the nurse to consider not just one, but two or more patients, when seeking to improve care and quality outcomes. A leader must also be visionary and forward thinking. What makes this issue more pressing and a worldwide focus is that these are preventable deaths. A history of medical school debt: observations and implications for the future of medical education. The subject profile area is characterised by advocacy, activism and sustainable development. In 2011, the CDC published “Framework for Preventing Infectious Diseases” to serve as “a roadmap for improving our ability to prevent known infectious diseases and to recognize and control rare, highly dangerous, and newly emerging threats, through a strengthened, adaptable, and multi-purpose U.S. public health system” (CDC, 2011, p.iii). Thank you for your thoughtful and enlightening letter. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. International Nurses Week is a time of reflection, celebration and hope. The Journal of Nursing Scholarship (JNS) is the official journal of Sigma and one of the most widely read and respected healthcare journals. The 49 papers included in the final sample were from public health, medicine, law, bioethics, and healthcare policy literature. Adopting critical theories and perspectives may help nurses to identify and uncover repressive structures in nursing care contexts, which can in turn lead to social change. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. Some research has indicated a link between certification and nurse knowledge, techniques, and judgement that may affect patient safety (Niebuhr & Biel, 2007). An international comparative public health analysis of sex trafficking of women and girls in eight cities: Achieving a more effective health sector response. With the investment of the global community in nurse training, mentorship, and leadership, we can make enormous strides in strengthening health systems. Global health workforce shortage to reach 12.9 million in coming decades; News release; http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2013/health-workforce-shortage/en/, Substance Use Disorders and Related Concerns, The 200th Birthday of Florence Nightingale, Addressing Social Determinants of Health: Progress and Opportunities, Translational Research: From Knowledge to Practice, Cole Edmonson, DNP, RN, FACHE, NEA-BC, FAAN, Cindy McCarthy, DNP, MBA, MHA, RN, NEA-BC, CEN, Association of Public Health Nurses, 2015, American Nurses Credentialing Center, 2010, Cianelli, Clipper, Freeman, Goldstein & Wyatt, 2016, Clement-O’Brien, Polit & Fitzpatrick, 2011, Hargarten, Martin, Hauswald & Hirshon, 2013, https://www.advisory.com/daily-briefing/2016/08/15/the-maternal-death-rate-has-doubled, http://www.massmed.org/Patient-Care/Health-Topics/Violence-Prevention-and-Intervention/Human-Trafficking-(pdf)/, http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/WorkplaceSafety/Healthy-Work-Environment/ANA-APIC/Emerging-Diseases, http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/717805, http://phnurse.org/resources/APHN%20Health%20Equity%20Paper-%20Version%20%2012-3-15%20(2).pdf, http://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(13)70059-7/fulltext, https://www.cna-aiic.ca/~/media/cna/page-content/pdf-en/nursing-leadership_position-statement.pdf?la=en, http://www.cdc.gov/oid/docs/id-framework.pdf, https://c.ymcdn.com/sites/tone.site-ym.com/resource/resmgr/docs/innovations-roadmapv4(englis.pdf, https://ubcmj.com/past-issues/ubcmj-volume-6-issue-2/ubcmj_6_2_2015_28/, http://www.icn.ch/images/stories/documents/publications/position_statements/A17_Travel_related_communicable_disease_transmission.pdf, http://digitalcommons.library.tmc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1029&context=childrenatrisk, https://www.mccaininstitute.org/programs/humanitarian-action, http://www.foreign.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/022416_McCain_Testimony.pdf, http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/1/1/95-0102, https://www.pop.org/content/definitions-maternal-mortality, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270752402, http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/publications/world-population-prospects-2015-revision.html, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2013/health-workforce-shortage/en/, Rationing Evidence-Based Nursing Practice: Considering a Resource-Based Approach, United States Public Health Service Nurses: Deployment in Global Crisis, Simulating Complex Community Disaster Preparedness: Collaboration for Point of Distribution, Prevention and Control of Worldwide Mosquito-Borne Illnesses: Nurses as Teachers, Consistent Infection Prevention: Vital During Routine and Emerging Infectious Diseases Care, The Zika Virus Epidemic: Public Health Roles for Nurses. Nurse leaders are also instrumental in facilitating change within the community and should seek such opportunities. The public health nurse’s role in achieving health equity: Eliminating inequalities in health. Retrieved from https://c.ymcdn.com/sites/tone.site-ym.com/resource/resmgr/docs/innovations-roadmapv4(englis.pdf. Patients and families expect knowledgeable caregivers, and specialty certification can provide reassurance about nurse competence. Healthcare workers are not easily attracted to many rural areas where there are limited options to work. Human trafficking: Guidebook on identification, assessment and response in the health care setting. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 88:-1--1. doi: 10.2471/BLT.10.078477. Nurses in roles across health system and community settings are well positioned to assess individuals, communities, and populations; advocate for justice and equality; and partner with legislators and inter-professional leaders to identify, implement, and evaluate a “strengths-based approach” that engages communities addressing local, national and global health issues. Värdegrund för omvårdnad [Foundation of Nursing Care Values]. REFERENCES. Thome, S. (1997). An interprofessional approach is key to address issues of HT through training programs, online education, and establishment of protocols. For the past fifty years, the cost of medical education has increased at a rate unsurpassed in history (Chen, 2010). Cindy McCarthy, DNP, MBA, MHA, RN, NEA-BC, CEN Often described as an unequal ratio of health workers for the population, maldistribution simply means there are a misalignment of the number and/or skillsets of healthcare workers in comparison to the demand for services within the specific population or geographic area. The global need for nursing care exceeds the capacity to provide people with good quality nursing care, and this is linked to the lack of nurses and nursing faculties. Simple solutions do not exit. Retrieved from http://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(13)70059-7/fulltext, Canadian Nursing Association (2009). Nurses who are educated about risk factors and clinical manifestations of HT, and who can provide efficient and compassionate assistance to patients, have the potential to play an important role to address this problem (Alpert et al., 2014). Nurses are positioned in settings such as government roles, public health, academia, clinical care, leadership, and private industries with the ability to develop a creative and effective network to respond to multifaceted problems. Devereaux (2015) conducted an evolutionary concept analysis on pandemic influenza that highlighted the need for efficient responses and further investigation into implications for the nursing profession. Våra värderingar [Our values]. Alpert, E. J., Ahn, R., Albright, E., Purcell, G., Burke, T. F., & Macias-Konstantopoulos, W. L. (2014). Nurses and other healthcare professionals have knowledge, opportunity, and often political leverage. Many defined roles and responsibilities for public health nurses also apply to nurses in other specialties and settings. March 5, 2010. This poses an urgent and unique opportunity for nurses to identify, support, and refer victims to appropriate agencies. The subject profile area is characterised by advocacy, activism and sustainable development. So you want to make a difference: Advocacy is the key (16th ed.). HT takes the form of economic, physical, and sexual exploitation of persons, thus reducing its victims to mere products for commerce. Being a global leader requires an understanding of the wider context; it means having a view greater than the local perspective and realizing connections and relationships that exist globally. The International Journal of Nursing Studies (IJNS) provides a forum for original research and scholarship about health care delivery, organisation, management, workforce, policy and research methods relevant to nursing, midwifery and other health related professions. In most areas across the world, urban-rural disparities exist. 22, No. 1. Global migration of healthcare workers in general and RNs in particular is a complex issue that requires concerted multi-lateral global attention from ethical, legal, political and population perspectives. (2011, October). In recent years, the world has witnessed the most comprehensive refugee diaspora of modern history. (2014). June Marshall, DNP, RN, NEA-BC Human trafficking is the second largest, and fastest growing, organized crime trade in the world. For individuals living in rural areas, it is often difficult to access healthcare services due to transportation, terrain, distance to providers, and inadequate infrastructure (Salafsy et al., 2005). All JAN papers are required to have a sound scientific, evidential, theoretical or philosophical base and to be critical, questioning and scholarly in approach. July/August 2009, Volume :34 Number 4 , page 263 - 263 [Free] The institutional commitment to strengthen character-driven global leadership is reflected in its efforts to support humanitarian action. United Nations. This poses a major social justice issue. Executive summary: Global health and emergency care-What do we need to know to address the burden of illness and injury? Additionally, nurses must recognize and understand the impact of social determinants of health on population outcomes, including genetics; social and physical environments; socioeconomic status; biologic and behavioral responses; access to care; availability of food and transportation; and others. Cole Edmonson is the Chief Nursing Officer of Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas, a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Executive Nurse Fellow Alum and a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing and American College of Healthcare Executives. Many factors impact the balance of demand and the supply of timely, appropriate care. This requires a focus on wellness care and prevention as opposed to illness care. The Academy's global and holistic approach to the development of health policies in order to help reduce health disparities and inequalities is facilitated through its 24 Expert Panels. Health care providers’ training needs related to human trafficking: Maximizing the opportunity to effectively screen and intervene. The Lancet, 373, 1919-1996. Considerable experience gained during the avian influenza outbreak informed the major roles of nurses as they managed the response to the SARS outbreak. 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