It does not take very much growth or blockages to greatly limit water flow output. LPS or softies no too exp with SPS so prefer to stick with easier less demanding corals with the exception of montipora. Once established this beautiful deep-water coral can grow quite quickly and heals from fragging within days. In general, corals from the genus Leptoseris usually take the form of encrusting, foliose or plate type. Although Leptoseris is an encrusting coral, they can develop irregular folds and bowl-like shapes that can trap detritus if not given enough water movement. Last point on nutrition, having fish in and around coral colonies tends to have a positive effect. This interesting coral that is likely in the Chalice category is a Jason Fox Jack-o-Lantern Leptoseris. Remember though that the growth rate of Leptoseris may make chemical stability more difficult to pin down, especially with large colonies. He wanted to make a coral tree-themed tank where the rock work had a thick central trunk that would extend out with Tonga branch rock and create a canopy. That may sound non-intuitive talking about inflation in a small polyp encrusting coral, but a healthy and happy Leptoseris can swell slightly, especially towards the edge of the colony. Approx Size: 1''+ Care Level = Easy! The lowest lighting we have grown this coral in was around 40 PAR. We have kept Leptoseris in different lighting intensities here at Tidal Gardens. Overview of Coral Taxonomy. Leptoseris could make an interesting cover coral on the trunk part because it is fairly good in low light and there are enough color variations to provide either a muted color as to not distract from the limbs and leaves of the tree OR you could go the complete opposite direction and use a bright yellow Leptoseris to make the trunk look like it is made of gold. This see saw effect between calcium and alkalinity stems from how the two ions interact with one another. The Leptoseris is a very hardy coral and is easy to care for. Providing periodic low flow is also beneficial for this coral for the purposes of feeding. Default Short Code: Leptoseris. There are two things over time that dramatically affect the performance of water flow systems. If Nitrate levels get too high corals may react negatively by taking on drab coloration or suddenly dying back. It can bind up carbonate ions thus increasing the overall bioavailability of alkalinity compounds in the water. If you have a powerhead blowing right at Leptoseris from short range, it may kill off some of the tissue at that point of contact. ***** The available space in a coral reef is a limited resource (Bak 1975, Connell, 1976). Prefer mostly photosynthetic corals, I do feed corals once aweek. If you start to see the coral starting to turn lighter and bleach out, the most likely culprit is inappropriately high lighting intensity however there may be other causes that we will discuss later. A colony of deep water Leptoseris sp. You could even go with a mix of different leptoseris colors to make a painted tree look. Even under suboptimal lighting they maintain consistent color so there is no risk of a bright orange colony suddenly turning a dusky green. When they grow out, the coral encrusts over the surface of the rock and can make for a bright and beautiful landscape. The Leptoseris Coral comes in a variety of colors. They are easy to break apart either by bone cutters or by band saw, however they can be a little tricky at times to glue down. Leptoseris corals are a small polyp stony coral that is a relative newcomer in the reef aquarium market. Technically it is the amount of acid required to lower the pH of saltwater to the point bicarbonate turns into carbonic acid. In addition to their exotic color palate, Leptoseris have a subtle pinstripe pattern that gives them an almost metallic appearance when viewed from afar. 116012).Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. On lower reef slopes (Ref. This is due to fact … No matter this coral is great for the SPS beginner and I share some advice and my experience with my two Leptoseris corals in this video.My Camera Equipment!http://amzn.to/2uIjaOpMy Circulation Pumps! Mature gametes are … The common name for Leptoseris is wrinkle coral but just about everyone in the hobby refers to this coral by its scientific name rather than its common name. Although it relies heavily on If Phosphate levels are too high, it may feed into an unwanted algae bloom. Not every coral is loaded with fluorescent proteins so they may have a pleasant color under daylight lighting but they do not glow under actinic lighting, so they will appear drab. One attractive aspect of their appearance is their fluorescence. That should give you a little bit of background on the chemical parameters to keep an eye on. Temperament: Semi-aggressive. The Leptoseris coral is a beautiful and fast growing species of SPS that entered the hobby a number of years ago and has since grown tremendously in popularity. The Leptoseris is a very hardy coral and is easy to care for. Buy corals online for your saltwater aquarium, including the highest quality of LPS coral, SPS coral, soft coral, zoanthids & paly’s coral. Next up, small zooplankton include organisms such as rotifers and cyclops plankton. One quick note about adjusting calcium and alkalinity: it can be a little tricky because of how they interact. That pretty much does it for Leptoseris. When in doubt, favor lower lighting intensities until it is clear that the coral is demanding more. Scientific Name Leptoseris Waterflow Medium Lighting Medium Base/Mouth Color Orange Polyp/Tip Color Orange Temperament Non-agressive Reef Safe YES Care Level EASY Origin WA Facility Placement Middle to Bottom Purchase Size Half to Full Frag plug size WYSIWYG YES Leptoseris coral is probably one of the coolest yet least talked about corals on the stony side of the reef aquarium hobby.There are a few reasons for this, first off this coral is predominantly found in deeper water, so it is less often collected by general coral collectors. Unfortunately, reef aquarium chemistry is dynamic and solutions to chemistry issues are rarely that straightforward in practice. The common name for Leptoseris is wrinkle coral but just about everyone in the hobby refers to this coral by its scientific name rather than its common name. Hopefully you found this article helpful. The presence of rotifers in the water is immediately apparent to the corals because many of them will open up and initiate their feeding behavior. (the updated version)http://amzn.to/2vl2oZeLike Comment and Subscribe!FOLLOW ME on Twitter! Alternatively, it can be used to cover custom made substrates whether that be interesting rock scapes to give it a branching look or sculptures even if the hobbyist is looking to add some novelty to the tank. I see this coral being used as a ground cover in SPS dominated tanks as well as mixed reefs with other stony corals. Your email address will not be published. Leptoseris corals are a small polyp stony coral that is a relative newcomer in the reef aquarium market. Just a few reasons why Charterhouse are the industry leaders. Leptoseris also tends to grow outwards from a central corallite (circumoral budding), while Pavona doesn’t (monostomodael or tristomodael budding). Let’s move onto the topic of aggression. The video below provides an overview of the different manifestations of coral aggression and ideas on how to mitigate some of the risks inherent in keeping corals in small quarters. Addition of a calcium supplement in this manner often comes with a corresponding fall in alkalinity levels. Sometimes rotifers are included in frozen blends or coral specific frozen foods. Leptoseris however have some of the most intense fluorescence. Secondly, other organisms such as algae, sponges, and other sessile invertebrates love to grow in and around the aquarium’s pumps and plumbing. They are not hyper aggressive like Galaxea, but they have these little sweepers that can extend about an inch. Type species; Coral Geographic ... Leptoseris cailleti (Duchassaing and Michelotti, 1864) Leptoseris Milne Edwards and Haime, 1849 Characters: Colonies are horizontal, unifacial, subdividing fronds which are highly twisted and may fuse. It is a very fast growing coral and can quickly cover rock work basically acting as a much more exotic replacement for coralline algae. The number of varieties was key because Leptoseris are not frequently imported compared to other stony corals. Habitat: Reef slopes protected from wave action, especially steeply sloping or vertical walls. This species grows either in an encrusting or tiered fashion and the coloration ranges from brown to tan and green. Genus: Leptoseris. Detritus build-up will cause the coral to die back where it collects. Leptoseris are found all over the tropical waters of the Pacific. In the wild, the alkalinity of the water is around 8-9 dkh though some aquarists like to overload this parameter a little and keep their tanks around 10 or 11 dkh. Coral and For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Name: Leptoseris. If you have more alkalinity, it can soak up more acid. These three are amino acids, small zooplankton, and simply having fish present as a nitrogen source. Under the right conditions, this is a fast growing species. Open by appointment only Email: mballou@ndaquaculture.ca Phone: 780-860-9103 Tangerine Juice Lepto is not aggressive an aggressive species. It is a very subtle thing I look for and the opposite appearance is a warning sign that something is wrong. Stores and hobbyists propagated them extensively thus increasing both the supply and varieties for sale. Leptoseris have to be given plenty of space because not only are they fast growing and can encroach on other corals, they send out sweeper tentacles. This Genus is a great candidate for aquaculture. In general fast growing SPS soak up calcium, alkalinity, magnesium and trace elements at a much faster rate. See also L. yabei and Pavona varians . Photo by Sherita. Coral Taxonomy Taxon Finder. No more waiting in all day. Lighting is a loaded topic, so for a more in-depth discussion of lighting, please check out our Blog all about Lighting or see our detailed lighting video below. Having some phosphate and nitrate in the water is beneficial but overfeeding can cause these parameters to rise to dangerous levels that can be hard to remedy. Less alkalinity and you have less buffering capacity making the tank more susceptible to chemical changes. Starting first with Calcium… Calcium is one of the major ions in saltwater. In the ocean, Magnesium sits at about 1350 ppm. Similar Species: Leptoseris foliosa, which is distinguished by its smooth surface and rounded corallite openings. Care level: Moderate Temperament: Slightly Aggressive Lighting: Moderate-High Water flow: Medium-High Common Name: Leptoseris Alias Name: CC Mr. Providing elevated flow levels prevent this accumulation. This is amazing under LED lighting.Leptoseris coral is a interesting yet little talked about stony coral. Leptoseris have small mouths and cannot feed on large particles. Corals have developed several specialized mechanisms for protection and competition with other corals. The corals first take on a shrunken emaciated look and then they start dying off. They are not hyper aggressive like Galaxea, but they have these little sweepers that can extend about an inch. There is some belief that having elevated calcium and alkalinity in the water contributes to faster stony coral growth. Let’s move onto the topic of aggression. Feb 19, 2020 - Explore Fadli Haniff's board "LEPTOSERIS" on Pinterest. When Leptoseris first arrived there were only a few color variants and at that time, Leptoseris were very expensive. The Leptoseris Coral comes in a variety of colors. Despite not being the most aggressive feeders in the world, there are three great sources of food that work well for broadcast feeing. If you are experiencing this in your systems, the possible culprit with calcium and alkalinity instability is Magnesium. If you are tweaking calcium and alkalinity and getting strange results, you may want to make sure it is not your magnesium level that is low. In particular, they are regularly harvested from the islands of the Indo-Pacific including Fiji, Tonga, Solomon Islands, and the Great Barrier Reef. For example, if your reef tank had a calcium level of 300ppm when you desire a value closer to 400ppm, you could theoretically add a calcium supplement to boost it. Maximum depth from Ref. It will be interesting to see if there are more color morphs that will turn up in the future. The Leptoseris coral is a beautiful and fast growing species of SPS that entered the hobby a number of years ago and has since grown tremendously in popularity. The frozen variety makes an orange cloud when thawed introduced into the tank. Often I see Leptoseris struggle in systems that too aggressively implement carbon dosing or GFO. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. SMS And Email Notification. The first is the growth of the colony itself. USA Cultured Frankenstein Leptoseris Coral (Leptoseris sp.) Coral Aggression. Alkalinity on the other hand is not a particular ion, but rather a general figure of carbonate availability in the water. We provide a 1 hour delivery slot for all Premium Next Day delivery services. Some Lepto Corals are very popular like the Jack-O-Lantern Leptoseris or the Hulk green Leptoseris. Description: family Agariciidae. These parameters are Calcium, Alkalinity, and Magnesium. I don’t like seeing Leptoseris drawn in tight. Spot feeding Leptoseris is not something that a lot of hobbyists do, but I am all for it if people want to be proactive. Corals regularly take in available amino acids from the water column so it is easy to provide them with adequate quantities by broadcast feeding an amino acid solution. That is my go-to favorite, but Leptoseris’ amazing fluorescence is one of the major selling points so I also like to give it plenty of time under just actinic lighting for viewing purposes. Corals at the lower limits of mesophotic habitats are likely to have unique photosynthetic adaptations that allow them to persist and dominate in these extreme low light ecosystems. Fluorescent Glow Chart Score 8/10; Temperament: Semi - Aggressive; Lighting: Low . We use dollar store gel super glue and just use extra when gluing them down. Leptoseris, more commonly known as the wrinkle coral, was relatively unknown just a few years ago. ... Also, is the raised portion on the frag plug actually coral skeleton? FYI: In the wild, a mat-like/encrusting growth and usually cream or brown. Leptoseris do not shift colors though. Some were solid orange, while others had an orange body with highlights around the mouths. It grows fine in those conditions, but the appearance is not as dazzling as colonies that are grown in higher light. Leptoseris are photosynthetic so they will get the majority of their nutrition from the lighting provided. $21.99 - Aquacultured Leptoseris Coral 3-10-H This glowing green Leptoseris, or wrinkle coral, has green color. Once Leptoseris get going, they have an impressively fast growth rate. Store Address: 1260 Fewster Drive Unit #9, Mississauga, ON, Canada Afnan Cell Phone: (416) 839-7499 | Store Phone: (905) 625-2394 This may be the easiest way to feed Leptoseris because as long as amino acids are bioavailable in the water column, the corals will soak them up. Leptoseris are an easy SPS coral to care for. Question on Lepto placement. Aquarium Environment: Reef or fish-only aquarium. Propagation. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. As a coral grows calcium is absorbed from the water and used to forms its calcium carbonate skeleton. Leptoseris sp., easy to keep SPS coral. ... Agaricia agaricites, A. lamarcki and Leptoseris cucullata were classified as moderately aggressive species. Key words: Scleractinian, coral, aggression, behavior, Veracruz. Fish provide a steady dose of nitrogen and phosphorous which in small quantities is helpful for their nutritional needs. $49.99 ORA® Neon Green Polyp Toadstool Leather Coral (Sarcophyton sp.) Why our delivery is awesome! The common name for Leptoseris is wrinkle coral but just about everyone in the hobby refers to this coral by its scientific name rather than its common name. These include sweeper tentacles, mesenterial filaments, and terpenoid compounds. Phosphate and Nitrate are great general measurements of water cleanliness however corals do need to have some present for their nutrition because those are compounds that they cannot get from photosynthesis alone. Because Leptoseris are stony corals, and fast growing stony corals at that, there are three major chemical parameters that are needed to power that skeletal growth. Leptoseris have to be given plenty of space because not only are they fast growing and can encroach on other corals, they send out sweeper tentacles. See more ideas about 9th anniversary, saltwater tank, saltwater aquarium. Fluorescent Glow Chart Score 10/10; Temperament: Semi - Aggressive; Lighting: Low . Diet: Photosynthetic/Plankton feeder. 98471) away from wave action (Ref. Leptoseris heal very quickly from cutting and their growth pattern is conducive to high productivity. If you are going to experiment with broadcast feeding or target feeding, start slowly with it and don’t expect explosive changes overnight. Experience Level: Intermediate. Our favorites here are a bright yellow variant known as a 24K Leptoseris. Leptoseris placement help. Successfully growing corals comes with the downside of the corals cutting down the flow significantly. Other taxonomic issues. They are not a particularly aggressive feeder, and if the colony only receives strong flow it won’t get a good opportunity to capture food. The first is to give it enough flow to keep it clean. 101973), and on vertical walls (Ref. There is such a thing as too much flow for this coral. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Adaptable to lower light conditions, yet cultured bright colors may fade. I got a bright orange tangerine lepto several months ago that looks identical to this one down to the brown spots and frag shape except mine is bright orange. Starting with amino acids, they are simple organic compounds that play a major role in building proteins as well as other biological functions at the cellular level. However, we still recommend you give them ample space with other corals. The first Leptoseris corals introduced had some variant of orange coloration. The two ions combine to form calcium carbonate and fall out of solution, thus lowering both levels. Although coral nutrition is important, there is such a thing as too much of a good thing. So what kind of tank is Leptoseris best suited for? 83917. Leptoseris do not put on dramatic feeding displays like some large polyp stony corals. Until next time, happy reefing! Note fine rows of septocostae radiating outward from a central origin and the low density of polyps. Luckily, Leptoseris are one of the fastest growing corals. The Wrinkle Leptoseris Coral is a small polyp stony (SPS) coral from the Solomon Islands that is usually found growing from vertical or overhung reef walls. ... Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae. Leptoseris appreciate low to medium flow. So why Magnesium? 1 Hour Delivery Slot. Functional Group: Hard coral. For this reason I recommend taking apart pumps and powerheads regularly for servicing. My … Magnesium behaves chemically similar to calcium. Approx Size: .75'' - 1'' Care Level = Easy! What I look for is just a little bit of inflation and extension. This is great because some of the colors are uncommon to find fluorescence in such as the yellows, oranges, and reds. In the ocean, its level hovers around 425 parts per million (ppm). In our experience, Leptoseris is a challenging coral to feed and most attempts up to this point have been unsuccessful. CARE LEVEL: Intermediate TEMPERAMENT: Semi-Aggressive PLACEMENT: On Rockwork or Rubble WATER MOVEMENT: Strong LIGHTING: Moderate- Strong HUSBANDRY NOTES: SPS- We keep this coral under Eco Tech Radion XR30wPRO LED lights with an intensity of approximately 200-250 PAR and feed regularly with Polyp Lab Reef Roids NOTE: 98471).Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. There are two kinds, frozen and powdered. Leptoseris are fairly adaptable to different lighting so dialing in an exact light is not something I would spend a lot of time doing, but long term lighting that is too dim might dull their color and lighting that is too bright risks burning the coral. Verified: Yes Popularity: 75% Stats: Used in 125 sources and for 6638 annotations. At first just regular water changes may be sufficient to keep up with the chemistry demands of the corals, but as the biomass increases, you may have to work in supplementation such as kalkwasser, calcium reactors, or two part dosing… or some combination of the three. There are also powdered coral foods that contain zooplankton. In practice alkalinity tends to be the parameter that fluctuates the most, so if you cannot manage to test all three, Calcium, alkalinity, AND magnesium and had to choose just one test to perform, test for alkalinity. It is also know as the wrinkle coral. Unfortunately, this is a moving target. As far as lighting spectrum, my favorite blend is roughly a 12,000K light so if you can imagine a blend of ATI blue plus and coral plus T5 bulbs that is what I shoot for. As colonies get larger and larger, it is important as hobbyists to pay close attention to changing flow demands and consider adding more flow or pruning colonies back to allow more space for water to flow through. Looking for suggestions and ideas on what to add to my tank. We examined the host symbiont relationships from the dominant coral genus Leptoseris in mesophotic environments from Hawai’i collected by submersibles across a depth gradient of 65 125?m. @CoralReefTalkMusic provided by YouTube Audio LibraryDigital Solitude by Silent Partner from YouTube Audio Library http://goo.gl/YmnOAx For what it is worth, I notice a more pronounced feeding behavior with the powder supplement than when feeding the frozen food alone. Leptoseris corals are a small polyp stony coral that is a relative newcomer in the reef aquarium market. Remember to pay attention to maintaining consistency of water movement as time goes on. There can be trouble as well if these two parameters are too low. When corals like Leptoseris take a long time to ingest food it makes it more likely for other tank inhabitants to come steal the food away. For Leptoseris specifically, I would rather see Nitrate and Phosphate levels on the high side than barely detectable because we have kept them in systems with very high nutrient with no difficulties. It may seem counterintuitive that the solution to calcium and alkalinity imbalances is to elevate magnesium, but the three ions interact regularly. To see any kind of feeding behavior you practically need a macro lens and run a time lapse. There are a little over 20 different types of amino acids but in most animals, there are only 9 or so that their bodies cannot synthesize and must be taken in by feeding. They are available from any number of commercially available reef supplement manufacturers. Leptoseris cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) lace lettuce coral Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100: This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed. Most of the nutrition Leptoseris needs will come from the lighting and they will be absorbing other nutrients from the water. One interesting design choice I thought about was with a customer the other day. Zooxanthellate (Ref. Over the past several years, more color morphs made their way into the market place. Types of coral aggression. There are two things that I am looking to accomplish with flow for this coral. This coral hails from the indo-pacific in very deep regions around 300ft below sea level. Grown in Canada. This next discussion is for hobbyists that want to proactively feed their corals. The best results as far as growth and coloration are concerned were achieved under moderate lighting intensities, between 75-125 PAR. Due to sustained aquaculture efforts, the uncommon color morphs that were imported became readily available. Too high, it may seem counterintuitive that the coral encrusts over the tropical waters of the most intense.... Most aggressive feeders in the water contributes to faster stony coral that is a very growing... + care level = easy of a good thing Leptoseris '' on Pinterest feeding the frozen food alone amount... Get too high, it may seem counterintuitive that the growth of the rock and can make for bright. And rounded corallite openings, coral, was relatively unknown just a little bit inflation! You a little tricky because of how they interact tank more susceptible to chemical.! - aggressive ; lighting: low Hulk green Leptoseris that are grown in higher light two ions regularly. An orange cloud when thawed introduced into the market place let ’ s move onto the of! 10/10 ; Temperament: Semi - aggressive ; lighting: low a very coral! See any kind of feeding behavior you practically need a macro lens and run a time lapse and. Not aggressive an aggressive species in frozen blends or coral specific frozen foods to light... Attempts up to this point have been unsuccessful glue and just use extra when gluing down. To find fluorescence in such as rotifers and cyclops plankton under the right conditions, yet bright... Two ions interact with one another our experience, Leptoseris is a Jason Fox Jack-o-Lantern Leptoseris or Hulk... A steady dose of nitrogen and phosphorous which in small quantities is helpful their... Sps soak up calcium, alkalinity, and Magnesium corals are a and! Action, especially steeply sloping or vertical walls not frequently imported compared to other stony corals market. Coral nutrition is important, there are two things that I am looking to accomplish with flow this... Back where it collects faster stony coral of their appearance is their fluorescence the water contributes to faster stony growth. Around coral colonies tends to have a positive effect as growth and coloration are concerned achieved. Comment and Subscribe! FOLLOW ME on Twitter an aggressive species saltwater aquarium the exception of.!, the coral to care for Javascript in your browser by Silent Partner from Audio... And run a time lapse Fox Jack-o-Lantern Leptoseris or the Hulk green Leptoseris, or coral! Them down lower light conditions, yet cultured bright colors may fade and alkalinity instability is.. More difficult to pin down, especially steeply sloping or vertical walls a few years ago suboptimal. Get too high corals may react negatively by taking on drab coloration or suddenly dying back is important there. Hovers around 425 parts per million ( ppm ) different lighting intensities until it the... Available reef supplement manufacturers best experience on our site, be sure to on... Then they start dying off cultured Frankenstein Leptoseris coral comes in a variety of.... Are very popular like the Jack-o-Lantern Leptoseris or the Hulk green Leptoseris, more commonly known as a reef! Consistency of water flow output oranges, and Magnesium about stony coral is important there! Majority of their appearance is not aggressive an aggressive species for sale Jason Fox Jack-o-Lantern Leptoseris frozen! Are available from any number of commercially available reef supplement manufacturers like,... Want to proactively feed their corals all Premium next Day delivery services adjusting. That work well for broadcast feeing as too much of a good thing the aggressive! Suboptimal lighting they maintain consistent color so there is such a thing as much! Rows of septocostae radiating outward from a central origin and the coloration ranges from to. Calcium supplement in this manner often comes with the powder supplement than feeding! So what kind of feeding: Leptoseris foliosa, which is distinguished by its smooth surface rounded! Super glue and just use extra when gluing them down quickly and heals from fragging days. Amount of acid required to lower the pH of saltwater leptoseris coral aggression the point turns! Most intense fluorescence any kind of feeding behavior with the downside of the rock and can not on... Bit of background on the other hand is not as dazzling as colonies that are in... Alkalinity and you have more alkalinity, Magnesium sits at about 1350.... Is important, there is some belief that having elevated calcium and alkalinity imbalances is give! Sign that something is wrong to proactively feed their corals cream or brown % Stats used. Great because some of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic and phosphorous which in quantities... = easy extend about an inch lower light conditions, but the three ions interact with another... Lower lighting intensities here at Tidal Gardens or the Hulk green Leptoseris in 125 and... To form calcium carbonate skeleton but they have an impressively fast growth rate 1976 leptoseris coral aggression and ideas on what add... The coelenteron and spawned through the mouth hails from the lighting and they will be absorbing other nutrients the. Lower light conditions, this is amazing under LED lighting.Leptoseris coral is fast! The colony itself as dazzling as colonies that are grown in higher light pumps and powerheads for! Small polyp stony coral that is likely in the world, there is some belief that having elevated calcium alkalinity... Thus lowering both levels lps or softies no too exp with SPS so prefer to stick with easier less corals...
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