We all know animals can be very fierce. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mammals of Africa. Looking a lot like Bambi, common duiker occupy savannahs all over Sub-Saharan Africa. There are 30 different known species of lemurs in total, and all are endemic to Madagascar. Africa's Top 12 Safari Animals and Where to Find Them, Where to Find South Africa’s Marine Big Five, An Introduction to Africa's Big Five Safari Animals, 10 Weird and Wonderful Facts About African Animals, Uganda's National Parks: The Complete List, 12 Nocturnal Animals to Look For on an African Safari, A Top 10 List of Africa's Most Dangerous Snakes, The Complete Guide to New Zealand's Birds and Wildlife, Forgotten Felines: The Seven Small Cats of Africa, Fun Facts About African Animals: The Cheetah, The 6 Best National Parks in Sri Lanka for Safaris, The Top 12 National Parks to Visit in Africa, The Little Five: Africa's Smaller Safari Animals, TripSavvy uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our. It is often regarded as the most dangerous animal of Africa although the same claims are made for the hippopotamus and the Nile crocodile. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Its most distinctive feature is its unusually large ears, which serve to dissipate heat. image by reMuse on flickr African animal beginning with G Learn all about African wildlife with WildlifeCampus. Then they switch. However, they are incredibly alert and will flee to cover whenever anything comes close. Lions are the quintessential African animal. ... Africa's smallest … It is the smallest among the little five and is known in the U.S as “doodlebug”. . Natural Habitat: Coastal plains and semi-arid grasslands and scrub-lands, from sea level to a altitude of 10.000 feet. This tiny antelope is native to the Cape. Klipspringer weigh 11-13 kg and develop permanent territories, essentially seeking to dominate their own rocky outcrop. Only around 40,000 of these animals remain and their population is declining. Required fields are marked *. A guide on African mammals in Kruger National Park. They graze on dry grass and often seek shelter from extreme weather in the abandoned burrows of other animals including jackals and anteaters. They are very different to the rest of Africa’s antelope, not least for their unusual name. The smallest land tortoise (speckled "padloper") that is only up to 8,5 cm long and the largest land tortoise (mountain tortoise) that weighs up to 40 kg, are both found in Southern Africa. 1. Wherever you go, an antelope encounter can connect you with your wild side. Their eggs are stolen by several species of birds and small mammals, and they are eaten by indigenous people throughout their range. The Cape buffalo or the African buffalo is one of the “Big Five” game species of Africa. African lions once roamed most of Africa and parts of Asia and Europe. There are 14 subspecies from Angola to Kenya, each with its own uniquely coloured coat. These animals dig small holes in the ground to catch ... 2. They can dig for themselves, but tend to do so only when laying eggs. Elephants . Buffalo Weaver Bird. They are also very difficult to see on a safari. They can climb, swim, and live as long as 100 years. The small sized gazelle lives in savannas and grassland habitat of Africa, can run extremely fast but chased by cheetah and sometimes by leopards and lions. Leopard tortoises are usually solitary and are often seen on quiet stretches of road. On a safari it can be very difficult to distinguish steenbok from grysbok. Predators can see klipspringer, but they can’t catch them. The hippo’s length from head to rump is 9.5 to 14 feet, and their tails' lengths are 35 to 50 centimeters, according to National Geographic. Physically similar to grysbok, steenbok have enormous ears but relatively short horns (only males have them). Another animal endemic to Madagascar on this list of smallest animals, the Brookesia Micra is the smallest known chameleon. Initially coined by the big game hunters of centuries past, the phrase now refers to five of the most sought-after safari animals; namely, the elephant, the buffalo, the leopard, the lion and the rhino. They live together in noisy colonies, weaving intricate nests from small sticks and dry grass. Despite their abundance and the fact that they are active during the day, the shrews are seldom seen. It is small and slender and uses agility to evade predators. Hyraxes (from Ancient Greek: ὕραξ, romanized: hýrax, "shrewmouse"), also called dassies, are small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea.Hyraxes are well-furred, rotund animals with short tails. Suni are so small that their most common predators are birds of prey and snakes. Learn how your comment data is processed. While there are many different duiker, there is only one oribi. The smallest antelope species are often the hardest to find. All three are common within their range and quite easy to spot, especially as (like all weavers) they're very vocal. An Exhaustive List of African Animals With Some Stunning Photos. Keep a bird book handy. And each can take the breath away when encountered on a safari.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'africafreak_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_9',146,'0','0'])); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Native to West Africa, the royal antelope is officially the world’s smallest antelope. The largest Southern African rhinoceros beetle reaches around 2 inches/ 5 centimeters. Klipspringer are incredible. Although typically much smaller, some leopard tortoises can grow up to 39 inches/ 100 centimeters in length, making this species the fourth-largest of the world's tortoises. And so we come to the number one most dangerous animal in Africa – and it’s one of the smallest. Pygmy shrew South Africa animals: The pygmy shrew is the world’s smallest mammal. Still, those these animals can fend for themselves when it comes to hunting, they are not entirely safe from the changing influences of mankind. They live on rocky outcrops across Southern Africa and perform a poetic rock jumping dance. And here is a little tip from our safari partner. They are shy and secretive, usually hiding in the grass and staying well clear of vehicles and people. Male insects use their horns to fight over territory or to dig for food inside rotting tree trunks. Lemur is a fantastic primate that found only the Island of Madagascar, in the East coast of Southern Africa. But the species has disappeared from 94 percent of its historic range and can only be found today in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Rather than grass, steenbok diet on flowers, fruits, and the young leaves of plants. Africa, the land with an abundance of different kinds and species of animals. The smallest of the species is the blue duiker, a rainforest specialist found throughout the Congo Basin. The black mamba is the largest and most feared of Africa's venomous snake species. © 2020 Africa Freak | All Rights Reserved, Disappearing Universe – Incredible photos of indigenous tribes in South West Africa, Pygmy hippo – 16 astonishing facts about a little cousin. The term entomophagy is used to describe the human behavior of eating insects. It is from the same family as the royal antelope and suni, but has a different habitat. Other than in the Greater Kruger area there are no significant herds or populations. Males measure 2.4–3.1 in (6–8 cm), while females, which are … Their little trunks are quite flexible and can be twisted to sniff out insects which they then flick into their mouths using their tongues. When a predator comes after them they don’t even move. The capital is located about 1,500 km away from mainland Africa. Victoria is the capital city of this island nation. 4. Suni are so well camouflaged they practically blend into the grass. Less known is the pantheon's smaller counterpart - the Little Five. From African Lions to the bloodthirsty Piranhas, we have it all in the list below which consists of the top ten fierce animals … Despite their large size and ferocious appearance, rhinoceros beetles are completely harmless to humans. Many of the easiest safari sights are Africa’s ten largest antelope species. All duikers are elusive, incredibly shy, and live in areas with dense cover. Any one of these constitutes as a check on your Little Five list. 5 Smallest Animals of South Africa. The black-footed cat is the smallest of all African cat species with an average shoulder height of just 25 centimeters/ 10 inches. 3. There are two species, and both are found in Africa. Sexual maturity for females starts at 4 to 5 years, but reproduce only after year 6 or 7. The Great White Shark. Scientists have recently discovered that the elephant shrew is not a true shrew, and is in fact distantly related to its pachyderm namesake. Sometimes these 4 kg antelope have to move territories because the grass is too high for them to see over. The speckled padloper tortoise (Homopus signatus), a tortoise species from South Africa and southern Namibia, is the world’s smallest species of tortoise. The fennec fox or fennec is a small nocturnal fox found in the Sahara of North Africa. Also known as the White-Toothed Pygmy Shrew, the Etruscan Shrew is the smallest animal known by mass, weighing in at a mere 1.8 grams at its largest. Enter your email for your weekly dose of ‘wild Africa’ directly to your inbox. Measuring just 25 centimetres at the shoulder, this nocturnal creature weighs less than 3 kg. The three species look different (the red and white-billed varieties have dark bodies, while the white-headed is white and brown). The antlion is the smallest member of the Little Five club and is by no means unique to Africa. Along with leaves and fruits they will dig into insects, frogs and small birds. Seychelles is an archipelago of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean and a major tourist destination. The only one of its genus, oribi are widespread across Southern, Eastern and Western Africa. Not all animals are very friendly with humans. A group of Baboons is called a troop . White Rhino via flickr/ciamabue. Dik-dik is onomatopoeia for the whistling warning sound shouted by the females. Name : Geochelone pardalis. This article will take you on an African safari with the following African animals … These curious-looking creatures are named for their body armor, and for the hooked horn that graces the head of the male. In a clever marketing quirk, the names of the Little Five animals correspond to those of the Big Five celebrities. This shrew prefers warm and damp climates, residing in Europe, North Africa, and Malaysia. Steenbok will look first and then run. Native to Southern and Eastern parts of Africa. Elephant Shrew. Buffalo weaver birds favor areas of dry savannah and scrubland and grow up to 9.5 inches/ 24 centimeters in length. Lizards are small animals that belong to the group of reptiles. Rather than appearance, check what the antelope is eating. Thanks to a range of special adaptations, antlion larvae are capable of subduing prey much larger than themselves. Springbok They active mainly at dawn and dusk and is the national animal of South Africa, One of the fastest land animal in Africa. 120 – 140 cm is the height of this animal at shoulder, and 200 – 270 kg is the weight that it can attain. There are more than 2,000 individual species within the antlion family, found all over the world. However, some tortoises' markings are more defined than others. When fully grown, antlions are winged insects that resemble dragonflies or damselflies; but when they're in their larval stage, they are fearsome looking beasts with hairy, obese bodies and sharp sickle-shaped jaws. You can see them in the lowland forests of Ghana, Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire. Although solitary, both grysbok species use a communal toilet. They are monogamous and mate for life. There are many brutal and ferocious animals in the world, both large and small. Typically, they measure between 30 and 70 centimetres (12 and 28 inches) long and weigh between 2 and 5 kilograms (4 and 11 pounds). This antelope has adapted to feed on a huge variety of vegetation, including fungus, grass, herbs, buds, and crops. They weigh 9-11 kg and prefer woodland edges and gallery forests, where there is less cover for predators. What animals are unique to South Africa? They grow up to 14 feet / 4.2 meters in length and are notoriously aggressive when cornered.Thought to be the fastest of all African snakes, they usually strike repeatedly, releasing a … They have wings, although their large size makes efficient flight difficult. Caracals. Unlike most antelope the common duiker is omnivorous. They are not very social, although they live in monogamous pairs. The world’s smallest turtle is the Speckled Padloper Tortoise ( Homopus signatus) from South Africa. Editorial Team at Africa Freak is a group of expert Africa writers and influencers. Dik-dik don’t have herds. Ant Lion. The red-billed buffalo weaver is even known to prey on scorpions. There are only six floral kingdoms on the entire planet. The larvae are unique for their famously savage temperament, which mirrors that of their lion counterparts (albeit on a much smaller scale)! Instead, this small antelope will wait until the predator is on top of them, before springing out and sprinting off into the bush. The Small Five - Another "must-see" to add to your safari to-do list. From nimble klipspringer to adorable dik-dik, this article guides you through the 12 smallest antelope species in Africa. It … The male is distinctively dark, while the female is chestnut to dark brown. The black-footed cat is the smallest wild cat in Africa and one of the smallest wildcats in the world, weighing 2 kg and standing 0.25 meters tall. The largest antelope is the giant eland, a species found in the savannas of Central Africa. It’s found in Madagascar’s spiny forests, lowland gallery forests, dry deciduous forests, rainforests, rocky canyons, and dry scrub lands, according to ARKive Initiative. You can read more in this article – what is a dik-dik? They’re nocturnal animals, and rarely seen, found only on the grassy plains and desert areas of South Africa and Namibia. This term was introduced by conservationists who wanted to draw attention to the smaller creatures of the bush, many of whom are just as fascinating (and perhaps harder to spot) than Africa's larger animals. They mark their territory with a strong scent produced by a gland under the tail. Your email address will not be published. These tiny 12 are not to be hunted. The African buffalo has been reported to gore and kill over 200 people each year in the continent. Consequently, researchers know very little about their behaviour. The geographic locations of insectivorous animals are spread around the world, with many species found in North America. Leopard tortoises are found throughout sub-Saharan Africa, in semi-arid areas of scrubland and savannah. Arguably the cutest of the Little Five, the elephant shrew is a small, insect-eating mammal. They can grow to 50 centimetres in height and weigh 12-25 kilograms when fully grown. Their ears help them detect insects and rodents hiding underground. African Small Five # 3. Your email address will not be published. It’s about 5 feet tall at the shoulders, according to the Africa Wildlife Foundation (AWF). However, they are incredibly alert and … It is a high-pitched shrill a little like dik-dik, dik-dik. This category has the following 19 subcategories, out of 19 total. Richard du Toit/ Gallo Images/ Getty Images. One grazes while the other keeps watch. Elephant shrews can leap almost three feet in a single bound. It has a long dark tipped mane on the back which bristles when the animal is frightened... [more information] ... is a small, tree-dwelling primate active by night. Why? They live on a diet of seeds, fruit and small insects. Fleet-footed and incredibly agile, this is the smallest antelope that exclusively browses for its food. With a total body length between 24 and 40 cm, this big eared guy is the smallest fox there is. Special gland secretions mark out a toilet in the wild and urinating elsewhere is a social faux pas for these small antelope! Anouk is a travel writer, editor, and agent raised in Malawi and Kenya with more than 15 years of experience working in the African travel industry. The biggest African mammal is the African bush elephant, the second largest being its smaller counterpart, the African forest elephant. These animals are characterized by their large ears and a trunk used for communication and handling food. Royal antelope are defenceless against predators. Elephant shrews are widely distributed throughout Southern Africa and found in a number of different habitats including desert and dense woodland. Small is beautiful in Africa. There are more than 2,000 individual species within the antlion family, found all over the world. There are three species of buffalo weaver - the white-headed buffalo weaver, the white-billed buffalo weaver and the red-billed buffalo weaver. They are cold-blooded and have long tails and four legs. The tiny shrew which looks like a mouse is only 8 cm/3 inches long and weighs less than 4 g/a teaspoon of sugar. The difference is diet and habitat, with the Sharpe’s grysbok occurring through East Africa and southeastern Africa. The males of this species measure around 6 to 8 cm while females are about 10 cm long. This article was updated and re-written in part by Jessica Macdonald. The well-known "leeurugseatortoise" (the largest tortoise in the world) which weighs up to 600 kg, is found in the coastal areas of Northern-Zululand. Some species can grow up to 6 inches/ 15 centimeters in length, although the beetles you're likely to encounter in Africa are considerably smaller. Visitors to South Africa are always keen to get a photograph of one of South Africa's celebrated Big Five animals: elephant, lion, rhinoceros, buffalo, and leopard. In this way, the elephant becomes the elephant shrew, the buffalo becomes the buffalo weaver bird, and the leopard becomes the leopard tortoise. Shy and solitary, this 8-11 kg antelope is similar to its Cape cousin. Four species of pangolins can be found in Africa. African fauna contains 64 species of primates. The nation occupies an area of 451 square km. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! They are remarkable athletes, able to jump between rocky perches at high speed to evade hunters. Comoros, Madagascar, and Mauritius are some of the island nations of Africa located in the Indian Ocean near Seychelles. Cape grysbok have evolved to harvest this native fynbos. Which is exactly what Africa is all about. They get their name from their call. We're all about safari and celebrating wild Africa. Basically, everywhere in Sub-Saharan Africa that isn’t the Congo Basin. Given their preference for thick forest they are very difficult to find. Here’s a look at 5 of the most interesting South African animals: Lions . Spotting them is equally tricky since they are only active at night. When frightened by noise (such as a safari vehicle), grysbok will run away to a safe distance then look back. Often you see oribi grazing with Thomson’s gazelle and topi, where there are more vigilant eyes and ears. Mature blue duiker can weigh around 7 kg and are only 35 centimetres in height. 5. They lie in wait at the bottom of the crater, then ambush their victims. The smallest is the royal antelope, which is found in Western Africa. However, they are exceptionally resilient, with incredibly hard shells. The wooden Savannah in East Africa, Southern Kenya and Southern Africa are inhabited by the sable antelope (Hippotragus niger). Native to West Africa, the royal antelope is officially the world’s smallest antelope. Also check out a guide to Africa’s most elegant antelope species. Thanks to strikingly red coats this small antelope is easy to identify when spotted. Also known as the small-spotted cat, this species is endemic to southern Africa, where it is found predominantly in the dry, open areas of South Africa and Namibia. Yet these are just 12 among many. The African Elephant is the largest animal in Africa, and also the largest land animal in the world, weighing up to 14,000 pounds. They can grow up to 12 inches/ 30 centimeters and have relatively long legs. 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