Top Ecuador History Museums: See reviews and photos of history museums in Ecuador, South America on Tripadvisor. They fought off the Incas for some years, but eventually the Inca Empire took control of the area in the 1400s. Its capital is Quito, which was once an Inca city as well as a Spanish imperial one. There is a cosy little restaurant serving Italian and Ecuadorean meals. The city was one of the first named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1978, protecting its splendid colonial architecture. Quito, city and capital of Ecuador. No part of this site may be reproduced without our written permission. Updated every day by a dedicated global editorial team, the portal logs 1 million+ unique users monthly. Where to explore in Ecuador's Capital City, Qutio Historic Quito, a world-heritage city. Buildings sprang up that combined indigenous and Spanish influences of the so-called Escuela Quiteña (Quito School of Art). Download PowerPoint presentation HERE-On June 8, 2007, Ronnie Nader, MS, Prof. completes the Advanced Suborbital Astronaut Training Program on the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center on the Russian Federation, the program was designed to train a scientist to perform research during short term suborbital space flight. It is South America’s oldest capital city, founded on December 6, 1534. The main 19-storey tower overlooks Edijo Park and the Old Town. Ecuador History __ "Ecuador – including the ancient Kingdom of Quito, established by the Shiris ... Ecuador History Ecuador, a brief history of Ecuador __ A lot of information for a "brief" look at Ecuador history. Climate data and weather averages in Quito. The present capital was founded on top of the ruins by Spanish lieutenant Sebastián de Benalcázar on December 6, 1534. The Spanish capitalised on this infrastructure, building countless colonial masterpieces in the new imperial outpost, notably the church La Compañía, which is thought to be the richest in Latin America with its golden altar and other splendours. Yambo: Una Laguna Encantada. Quito flag Officially San Francisco de Quito, Quito serves as the capital city for the Republic of Ecuador. • Water boils at 90° in Quito due to the altitude. History, Culture and Traditions of Quito, Ecuador - Visit the largest and best preserved Historic Center of South America. In the mid-1500’s conquistador, Francisco Pizarro, conquered parts of South… The oldest of all South American capitals, Quito is notable for its well-preserved old town. 1534 - Spanish conquer Ecuador, which becomes part of the Spanish Vice-royalty of Peru. In recent years it has grown into a modern metropolis and will see the introduction of its first metro line before the end of the decade. A History of Ecuador. ... With a rich pre-Colombian history, Ecuador's capital was founded on the ruins of an Incan city … This short but extensive itinerary brings you into the very heart of the Ecuadorian capital and its surroundings. The kingdom of Quito was founded by the indigenous people in the early 1000’s and was made a part of the Inca Empire. History of Quito Mother Earth Travel > Ecuador > Quito > History The history of this beautiful and colonial city, full of legends woven over more than 400 years, is still alive in the memory of its inhabitants. Religion in Ecuador. History of Ecuador, Heritage The coastal section and the high Andean basins situated in modern day Ecuador, were populated by Indian tribes when the first Europeans reached the area's Pacific coast in … A near-constant struggle between left and right ensued in the following decades, with the conservative dictator García Moreno assassinated in 1875 with a machete outside the presidential palace in Quito. Experience the traditional trades and culture of the most touristic city of Ecuador. Quito Tourism: Tripadvisor has 196,346 reviews of Quito Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Quito resource. Wireless Internet is available. The site of the capital city dates from pre-Hispanic times. Add these and more to your travel plan The bishopric of Quito was founded in 1545. BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ARMY OF ECUADOR. Large rooms have all the expected amenities. Prohibited its reproduction and total or partial copy without authorization of This Is Ecuador. You will tour Quito's beautifully preserved historic center to see fine examples of colonial architecture, learn about history and culture at the Ethnographic Museum, and enjoy the best panoramic view of the city. It has six restaurants specializing in Swiss, French, Japanese and other international cuisines. A brief history of Brazil. Quito was growing steadily and in the middle of the 18th century, Quito had about 10.000 inhabitants. The rest of the 20th century saw numerous civilian governments replaced by military rule leading from the capital. A brief history of Bolivia. Ecuador’s tumultuous history is, in many ways, cyclical. The city has a long and interesting history … The tribes in the northern highlands of Ecuador formed the Kingdom of Quito around 1000. All rights reserved. The country continually struggles against deep-rooted social, political-economic, and geographical challenges.The same factors that determined Ecuador’s history during the last two centuries continue to dominate its landscape at the beginning of the 21st century. BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ECUADORIAN CIVILIAN SPACE AGENCY – EXA. ... A timeline of Ecuador. It was absorbed, by conquest and marriage, into the Inca Empire. 1809 - Ecuadoran middle class begins to push for independence. Revolutionary fervor swept through the city in the 19th century, and Quito became the capital of the newly formed Republic of Ecuador in 1830. Tensions erupted into a liberation attempt in 1809, which saw a government established in Quito for nearly a month, before loyalist Spanish forces put down the rebellion. Founded by the Spanish in 1534, on the ruins of an Inca city, Quito proudly possesses one of the most extensive and best-preserved historic centres of Spanish America. Ecuador is unusual among Latin American countries in having two major centres of population and commerce, the vibrant port city of Guayaquil acting as a counterbalance to the capital, Quito, located in the Andean highlands in the north-central part of the country. • When the government announced that it was adopting the dollar in place of its national currency in 2000, mass protests completely shut down Quito. By the time the Spanish arrived in Ecuador in 1526, Quito was a major Inca city. The colonial center remained the commercial heart of the city until the post-WWII years, when the city experienced (as it does now) rapid growth and expansion, fueled in large part by work-seeking immigrants arriving from all parts of South America. The Ecuadorean capital was founded atop its ruins in 1534. A Short History of Ecuador. Situated in the lively La Mariscal district, this boutique offering occupies the grounds of a restored colonial house and enjoys a rooftop terrace and large patio. Wireless Internet is available. Next, the leader of the so-called Liberal Revolution, President Eloy Alfaro, was killed by conservatives in the capital 1912. Life for indigenous people and meztisos (mixed race) was very hard under imperial rule, and revolts were common. Capital: Quito Population: 17,373,662 Brief History of Ecuador: Ecuador was long inhabited by local tribes for thousands of years when the Inca Empire arrived. • Quito is historically the centre of power for the church-backed conservatives, while rival city Guayaquil is the stronghold of liberals and socialists. By 1830, his dream of a united South America had collapsed, and Ecuador became independent. Quito history. The early inhabitants of the area were the peaceful Quitu people, who gave their name to the city. By: Gabriella Estrada and Brendin Skakel Ecuador’s rich culture and unique people can be attributed to the geography and history of the country. Day 1: Arrival to Quito View of Quito and the Cotopaxi Volcano. Brief history of Ecuador. Revolutionary fervor swept through the city in the 19th century, and Quito became the capital of the newly formed Republic of Ecuador in 1830. Post. History and Culture of Ecuador Ecuadorian Culture. A brief history of Peru. Quito, Ecuador » City Info » History Ancient Quito and the Arrival of Incas : Quito has been known to be inhabited times, as long as the first millennium when nomadic tribes called ‘Quitu’ first settled in the region in hunt for food and shelter. A Brief History of Ecuador Ecuador is a South American Republic. La leyenda dice que la la Laguna de Yambo, no siempre fue una laguna. Everything is white in this friendly Italian-run, middle-range hotel: the mansion house which it occupies, the rooms and the rabbit that lives in the little garden into which rooms open - hence the name. Averages are for Quito / Mariscal Sucre, which is 6 miles from Quito. Available in English, German and Spanish versions, the WTG provides detailed and accurate travel content designed to inspire global travellers. The city of San Francisco de Quito (generally simply called Quito) is the capital of Ecuador and the second-largest city in the nation after Guayaquil. Did you know? Then the great liberator, Simón Bolívar, set Quito free in 1822, and forged Gran Colombia, which included Ecuador, Venezuela and Colombia. I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. This legendary hotel, in the heart of Mariscal Sucre area, is owned by a Hungarian painter who has turned every room into a work of art. Close to the historical district and Quito's airport, Hilton Colón Quito is a large compound, complete with the excellent Italian Portofino restaurant and a sushi bar. A comprehensive guide to the world’s best travel destinations, its print heritage stretches back more than 30 years, with the online portal reaching its 20-year anniversary in 2019. Brief synthesis Isolated in the Andes at 2,818 m. altitude, the city of Quito is spread along the slopes of the Pichincha Volcano and is bordered by the hills of Panecillo and Ichimbia. used on the brochure No. Quito became the capital and it prospered partly because it was on the road between Lima and Cartagena. The Amrita Spa centre boasts a gym and two pools - indoors and outdoors. Although the history of Quito is often dated from the period of Spanish colonisation in the 16th century, it takes its name from the Quitus, a pre-Inca tribe that inhabited the valley centuries before. Rooms include parquet flooring and all the modern fixtures and fittings you would expect, including a flat-screen TV, telephone and free Wi-Fi. Despite the Incas’ relatively brief time in Ecuador – less than a century – they contributed much, including a road connecting Cusco to Quito. Socially-minded and solo travellers should feel right at home with Community Hostel's daily schedule of activities, which include everything from a weekly food tour of the city to a Saturday night pub crawl. The hotel also boasts a fitness centre, a spa with Turkish bath and sauna, and an outdoor heated pool. Quito-Ecuador Colonists arrived, along with a host of religious orders (Franciscans, Dominicans and Augustinians, among others), and built churches, monasteries and public works, often with the labor of indigenous people. Set dramatically on top of the cliff overlooking the picturesque Guaopolo valley, this hotel offers luxurious rooms as well as apartments for a prolonged stay, complete with all amenities one might expect from a high-class business hotel. Quito grew slowly during the 17th and 18th centuries but remained a backwater in comparison to Lima. Skip to main content. Ecuador’s distinct culture is as vibrant and beautiful as the hand woven tapestries of its local... Culture Shaped by Geography. The capital of Ecuador is a great place to get a taste of the South American highlands. 1822 - Antonio Jose de Sucre, a follower of pro-independence Simon Bolivar, defeats Spanish royalists at the battle of Pichincha; Ecuador becomes part of independent Gran Colombia, which also encompasses Colombia, Panama and Venezuela. © 2020 Lonely Planet. A brief explanation of Ecuadorian History. Its name is derived from its geographical position, as the equator runs through it. Nicknames for Quito include the City of the Heavens and Florence of the Americas. Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro conquered the land in 1532, and through the 17th century a Spanish colony thrived. Rather than allowing it to fall into the hands of the Spanish conquerors, Rumiñahui, a general of Inca ruler Atahualpa, razed the city shortly before their arrival. A brief history of Colombia. Quito grew slowly during the 17th and 18th centuries but remained a backwater in comparison to Lima. The World Travel Guide (WTG) is the flagship digital consumer brand within the Columbus Travel Media portfolio. Population growth and building projects transformed the city over the following century, with a new astronomical observatory (the first in South America), a key rail line to Guayaquil boosting commerce, and other works. Life was comfortable for the ruling colonialists, but the indigenous people (and later the mestizos, people of mixed Spanish and indigenous descent) were treated abysmally under their rule. Quito History • Quito is historically the centre of power for the church-backed conservatives, while rival city Guayaquil is the... • When the government announced that it was adopting the dollar in place of its national currency in 2000, mass protests... • … There are no Inca remains. Explore a … I can unsubscribe any time using the unsubscribe link at the end of all emails. Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro conquered the land in 1532, and throughout the 17th century a Spanish colony thrived by exploitation of the Indians. The history of this beautiful colonial city, full of legends woven over more than 400 years, is still alive in the memory of its inhabitants.To find its origin it is necessary to go back in time to the 6th of December in 1534, when the Spanish conquistadors founded the city with 204 settlers. This so-called Escuela Quiteña (Quito School of Art), still admired by visitors today, left an indelible stamp on the colonial buildings of the time and Ecuador’s unique art history. By the time the Spanish arrived, the Incas had converted Quito into a major city, but the war-general Rumiñahu razed it to the ground rather than see its treasures fall into the hands of the Spanish conquerors. Annual Weather Averages Near Quito. You are here: Countries / Ecuador. Welcome to Quito, the capital of Ecuador!Arrive at the Mariscal Sucre International Airport (UIO), where your driver will meet you to transfer to your accommodation in the city center, a one-hour trip.Along the way, you'll get a short introduction into Quito´s history and a quick briefing on the next day's activities. It covers all aspects, from cities to airports, cruise ports to ski and beach resorts, attractions to events, and it also includes weekly travel news, features and quizzes. It is situated on the lower slopes of the volcano Pichincha, which last erupted in 1666, in a narrow Andean valley at an elevation of 9,350 feet (2,850 meters), just south of the Equator. The first revolt against Spain occurred in 1809. Located in an old mansion house, it has a lush garden and a common area where you can dine in style or chat with other travellers, sitting by the fireplace. Alerts. © Columbus Travel Media Ltd. All rights reserved 2020, Due to the impact of COVID-19, you are recommended to check travel restrictions from your government sources and contact local venues to verify any new rules, the IDs1557Quito Mariscal Sucre International Airport, Quito Mariscal Sucre International Airport. Situated in Quito's historic centre, the hostel also offers free Wi-Fi, security lockers, and 24 hour reception. ... 2020 Central Andes, Culture, History of Ecuador. As well as being in a beautiful location, it is rich in history and much of the... Modern Quito. Not much later, in August 1809, Ecuador's independent movement started in Quito and after the country's independence, Quito continued to grow to the metropolis of over 2 million people it is today. The history of pre-Inca Ecuador is diverse, advanced indigenous cultures such as the Chorrera, Jama Coaque, Bahia, Tolita, Machalilla and Valdivia ( the oldest known culture in the Americas), flourished between 12,000 B.C. 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